H.D. Shi, M. Yue, C.F. (J.) Zhang, Y.F. Dong, P.F. Lu, S.H Zheng, H.J. Huang, J. Chen, P.C. Wen, Z.C. Xu, Q. Zheng, X.F. Li, Y. Yu*, Z.-S. Wu*
ACS Nano, 2020, 14, 7, 8678–8688.
DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.0c03042 [PDF]
Alkali metals are ideal anodes for high-energy-density rechargeable batteries, while seriously hampered by limited cycle life and low areal capacities. To this end, rationally designed frameworks for dendrite-free and volume-changeless alkali-metal deposition at both high current densities and capacities are urgently required. Herein, a general 3D conductive Ti3C2TXMXene-melamine foam (MXene-MF) is demonstrated as an elastic scaffold for dendrite-free, high-areal-capacity alkali anodes (Li, Na, K). Owing to the lithiophilic nature of F-terminated MXene, conductive macroporous network, and excellent mechanical toughness, the constructed MXene-MF synchronously achieves a high current density of 50 mA cm–2for Li plating, high areal capacity (50 mAh cm–2) with high Coulombic efficiency (99%), and long lifetime (3800 h), surpassing the Li anodes reported recently. Meanwhile, MXene-MF shows flat voltage profiles for 720 h at 10 mA cm–2for the Na anode and 800 h at 5 mA cm–2for the K anode, indicative of the wide applicability. Notably, the high current density of 20 mA cm–2for 20 mAh cm–2for the Na anode, accompanying good recyclability was rarely achieved before. When coupled with sulfur or Na3V2(PO4)3cathodes, the assembled MXene-MF alkali (Li, Na)-based full batteries showcase enhanced rate capability and cycling stability, demonstrating the potential of MXene-MF for advanced alkali-metal batteries.