Z.-S. Wu, W. Ren*, D.-W. Wang, F. Li, B. Liu, H.-M. Cheng*,
Acs Nano 2010, 4 (10): 5835-5842.
In order to achieve high energy and power densities, we developed a high-voltage asymmetric electrochemical capacitor (EC) based on graphene as negative electrode and a MnO2 nanowire/graphene composite (MGC) as positive electrode in a neutral aqueous Na2SO4 solution as electrolyte. MGC was prepared by solution-phase assembly of graphene sheets and α-MnO2 nanowires. Such aqueous electrolyte-based asymmetric ECs can be cycled reversibly in the high-voltage region of 0−2.0 V and exhibit a superior energy density of 30.4 Wh kg−1, which is much higher than those of symmetric ECs based on graphene//graphene (2.8 Wh kg-1) and MGC//MGC (5.2 Wh kg−1). Moreover, they present a high power density (5000 W kg-1 at 7.0 Wh kg-1) and acceptable cycling performance of ～79% retention after 1000 cycles. These findings open up the possibility of graphene-based composites for applications in safe aqueous electrolyte-based high-voltage asymmetric ECs with high energy and power densities.